The research publications of Joseph Altman and Shirley A. Bayer

The Laboratory of Developmental Neurobiology has been continuously conduct- ing research for nearly 60 years. Joseph Altman started it in 1961 when he was at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and moved it to Purdue University in 1968. Shirley A. Bayer joined the Laboratory in 1970 and became his wife in 1973. They became a team, collaborating with each other and students. In the early years, the laboratory consisted of faculty associates, several postdoctoral fellows, graduate students, and technicians. The laboratory was supported by grants from the Atomic Energy Commission, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation. Shirley moved part of the Laboratory to Indiana University/Purdue Uni- versity at Indianapolis (IUPUI) in 1982, but the Purdue branch remained active until Joe retired in 1995. Funding was dwindling during the early 90s, and completely stopped around 1994. Since then, Joe and Shirley used personal funds to continue their research. In 2000, Shirley left IUPUI to do full-time research linking experimental studies on the development of the rat nervous system to descriptive studies of human nervous system development. That project was completed in 2007. From around 2009 to the present, Shirley set up this website so that the peer-reviewed papers from the Altman and Bayer labs (from the early 1960s to now) are available to everyone, especially graduate students in the Neurosciences. Three other websites are available: This website is a database of some of the autoradio- graphic and methacrylate-embedded rat brains in the collections that we used for our research. This website is a database of the photographs of developing human brains from the Collections at the National Museum of Health and Medicine in Silver Springs, MD. This website contains the book chapters that Joseph Altman wrote during his lifetime about the biological and neurobiological bases for human nature and behavior.

Both Joe and Shirley retired in the late 90s and early 2000s and enjoed continuing their research in their Florida home. Sadly, Joseph died in 2016, but Shirley continues the work today that she started in the 90s on human central nervous system development.